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Polycystic Ovaries

Polycystic Ovaries (PCOD/ PCOS)

Polycystic ovary disease or syndrome (PCOD/PCOS) is the most common health problem in the women’s reproductive age caused by an imbalance of reproductive hormones.  One in ten women of childbearing age is affected by PCOS. In normal menstrual cycle, ovary releases the egg every month, while in PCOS condition, the egg may not develop or it may not be released during ovulation as it should be.


Typical symptoms of PCOS are irregular menstrual cycle followed by unnatural hair growth on face, chin etc., weight gain, skin darkening and other skin issues such as acne.

How to treat PCOS condition:

There is no specific cure for polycystic ovary syndrome, but your doctor will recommend certain lifestyle changes (weight loss, regular exercise, healthy diet plan etc.) and medical treatments to deal with the symptoms

Hormonal contraceptive:

First-line treatment for menstrual abnormalities is hormonal contraceptive, commonly oral contraceptives. These are highly effective for controlling menstrual abnormalities and symptoms including abnormal facial hair growth.

Hair growth control methods:

The unnatural facial hair can be removed using traditional methods such as waxing, shaving etc. Your doctor may also prescribe a medication to control/slow new hair growth.

Fertility issues:

If you’re unable to get pregnant due to PCOS, consult your doctor. Your doctor will suggest certain medications that help trigger ovulation. Another method includes in-vitro fertilization (IVF) or inseminations.

Surgical option:

If ovulation medications don’t work, your doctor will suggest a small laparoscopic surgery called ovarian “drilling”. Tiny holes are made in the ovaries to reduce the levels of androgens being produced. This non-invasive surgery improves the chances of successful ovulation for about six to eight months.

PCOS is common disorder and early diagnosis can help relieve symptoms. Consult your doctor and work on a treatment plan based on your symptoms to reduce your risks for chronic diseases.

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