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Fatty Liver Sign, Treatment And Cost in Delhi

What is Fatty Liver? 

Causes, Sign & Treatment

The liver is a vital organ of our body that controls several human functions. There are a lot of diseases and medicines that can harm the liver. Through this article, we will learn about fatty liver or hepatic steatosis. What causes fatty liver, various signs and symptoms of fatty liver, and the available treatment options?  

What is fatty liver?

The liver is made up of cells called hepatocytes which are the basic functional units of the liver. Usually, these cells contain a small amount of fat. When more than 5% of the hepatocytes are filled with fat, that condition is called a fatty liver. 

The fatty liver stage is reversible, but if it is not treated, these fatty deposits are converted into fibrous deposits that kill the hepatocytes and make them non-functional. one can’t reverse it back. When a significant part of the liver becomes fibrous, it leads to hepatic failure. 


The most common cause of fatty liver is alcohol abuse. Though our liver is capable of regeneration and a limited quantity of alcohol is allowed to consume, it starts destroying the liver cells when a person drinks a lot of alcohol. It causes signs and symptoms of hepatic damage. It is known as Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (AFLD). 

Apart from alcohol, other causes can lead to a fatty liver. These diseases are called Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NFLD). Listed below are some of the reasons for NFLD. 

  • Obesity
  • Insulin resistance
  • High amounts of fat (hypertriglyceridemia) in your blood
  • Infections like hepatitis, etc
  • Diabetes Mellitus or high blood sugar level
  • Certain medications that are hepatotoxic, etc 


Obesity leads to an inflammatory state in the body that promotes a fatty liver. The incidence of NFLD due to obesity is increasing due to the increasing obesity pandemic. 

Insulin resistance

Insulin resistance and the high insulin levels in the body that occur in type 2 diabetes have also been shown to be a cause of fatty liver. 

High amounts of fat (hypertriglyceridemia) in your blood

The excess amount of fats like lousy cholesterol present in your blood can get deposited in your hepatocytes, causing fatty liver, leading to liver failure. 

Infections like hepatitis

Many microbes like the Hepatitis B and C viruses can cause an infection that damages the liver cells making them more prone to fibrosis. 

Diabetes Mellitus or high blood sugar level

High blood sugar level causes a state of increased insulin level in the body that can cause fat deposition in the liver. 

Some medications

Certain medications are hepatotoxic and cause damage to the liver cells. These include methotrexate, amiodarone, valproic acid, diltiazem, etc. 

Signs and symptoms

Though the liver is capable of self-repair, if the damage becomes too much, the hepatocytes develop scar tissue, and that stage is called the fibrosis of the liver. The patients start to experience many symptoms at this stage, some of which are listed below. 

  • Right-sided abdominal pain
  • A feeling of fullness on the right side of the abdomen
  • Loss of appetite or weight loss
  • Nausea
  • Yellowing of skin or eyes (jaundice)
  • Swelling of feet (edema)
  • A swollen abdomen that occurs because of the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity (ascites)
  • Weakness
  • Mental confusion and tiredness (hepatic encephalopathy)
  • Intense itching of your skin (pruritus)

If you experience any of these signs and symptoms, consult with a gastro doctor in delhi immediately as timely and proper treatment can be life-saving in the case of fatty liver disease. 

Diagnosis and treatment

Your doctor will take a thorough history of your symptoms and conduct a clinical examination for you. Other than that, a few blood tests like the LFT (Liver Function Test), CBC (Complete Blood Count), lipid profile, blood sugar level, etc., will be done for you to establish the definitive diagnosis. 

You may also undergo a few imaging tests like the Ultrasound, which will see if your liver has any swelling or has increased in size (hepatomegaly) or not. 

As mentioned earlier, the fatty liver treatment in delhi is reversible and can be cured. 

Though the first step in the treatment would be to remove the cause, you need to stop drinking before the treatment can help you if you consume alcohol. In NFLD, losing weight and managing your diabetes and insulin resistance are the first steps in treatment. 

There is no specific medicine for the treatment of fatty liver in delhi, but the treatment will depend on the cause. 

If it is because of diabetes or insulin resistance, you will be given medications to control your blood sugar; some medicines like albumin, etc., will manage the symptoms like edema and ascites. 

In case of infection by viruses, anti-viral medicines are used to treat the condition. It will help to resolve the signs and symptoms of the disease. 

You will also be given some vitamin supplements like thiamine because alcohol can cause a deficiency of these vitamins, which are essential for the human body’s normal functioning. 

It is the fatty liver treatment in delhi in very brief. One will personalize the exact treatment plan for you to your condition. Avoid taking any medication without your liver specialist doctor in delhi advice as there are many side effects of these medicines used, and the state may worsen if it is not controlled. 

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