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Bloating: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

In essence, bloating is a common issue that many adults in the world generally deal with regularly. According to a report, around one person among ten people in the USA report about the same daily. 

This seemingly uncomfortable issue generally occurs when your GI tracts get filled up with gas or air. Gastro doctor in Delhi usually considers high-fibre an improper diet to be one of the prominent bloating causes. However, that’s not all. 

It can, at times, be caused by various life-threatening underlying diseases, such as pancreatitis, stomach cancer, etc., as well. Due to this reason, if you do suffer from frequent bloating issues, then visiting your doctor can be an excellent idea for you. 

Here, in this article, you are going to know more about lower and upper abdominal bloating, their causes, symptoms, and many more. Besides, we will provide you with some know-how about its remedies as well. So, make sure to check them out as meticulously as possible. 

What are the Major Symptoms of Bloating?

The bloating symptoms usually tend to vary from one person to another. However, there are a few signs of this health condition, which generally occurs among almost everyone. Here is everything you need to know about them. 

  • Abdominal Distension: When gas or air begins to accumulate within your GI tract, your abdomen, too, will extend to some extent. It is the most prevalent bloating symptom and can cause a lot of discomforts. 
  • Nausea: You may also encounter an unusual nauseous feeling during this period. It usually occurs during the last stage of abdominal distension. Vomiting, in this case, can prove to be beneficial for you. 
  • Frequent Belching: While you are bloated, you will also begin belching frequently. It can be somewhat embarrassing if you are in the middle of a public arena. 
  • Flatulence: In some cases of bloating, flatulence, too, can occur. However, it usually eases other prominent bloating symptoms
  • Abdominal Rumbling: Sometimes, while you are bloated, you might hear rumbling sounds coming out of your abdomen as well. 

The aforementioned bloating symptoms can be prominent among both adults as well as children. It can also interfere with their daily activities massively. Therefore, you will have to treat it as soon as possible. 

Common Causes of Bloating 

According to the doctors, there is a wide array of bloating causes that can lead to abdominal distension and discomfort. In this section, you are going to know about a few major ones among them briefly

  • Gas 

Occasionally, due to some eating disorders, gas can start building up inside your gastrointestinal (GI) tract. It, sequentially, can cause excessive flatulence and belching, which might be a little bit uncomfortable for you. 

Besides, you might also feel a severe urge to have a quick bowel movement. You may feel somewhat nauseous as well. The air accumulation in your abdomen can be caused by smoking, drinking, or eating too quickly, chewing gums, and other usual practices. 

However, sometimes, the underlying condition behind this issue can be somewhat serious as well. The following are a few of them: 

  • Stomach infection 
  • Crohn’s disease 
  • Infectious diseases of the liver 
  • Indigestion

Indigestion, medically known as dyspepsia, is also considered as one of the prominent bloating causes. Besides, it can accompany with little to mild pain and discomfort in the stomach as well. However, it is quite less-severe and, thus, goes away within a few hours. 

Here are a few issues, which can lead to indigestion. 

  • Drinking excessively 
  • Minor stomach infections 
  • Eating unnecessarily 
  • Medications, which can irritate the stomach

Indigestion usually occurs among both adults and children from time to time. However, frequent issues of dyspepsia can, on some occasions, indicate other serious illnesses, such as stomach ulcers, chronic liver failure, and cancer. 

  • Stomach Infection 

Sometimes, even minor infections in the stomach can cause excessive bloating and gas. Moreover, it can also lead to: 

  • Mild to severe stomach pain 
  • Diarrhea 
  • Nausea and vomiting 

Like any other infectious ailment, stomach infections, too, are caused by the presence of either virus or bacteria. Hence, they usually go away on their own. But, you might have to visit the Best Gastroenterologist in Delhi if you do have the following symptoms as well. 

  • Blood in stool 
  • Mild to rigorous fever 
  • Frequent vomiting 
  • Fluid Retention 

If you are suffering from fluid retention-related issues, then eating salty foods can, at times, lead to bloating. Hence, if you do stop eating salty products or foods, then your bloating issues will gradually get diminished. 

However, if the issue is being caused by liver disease or diabetes, then the bloating can be persistent. In this case, you may have to consume medications as well. Anyways, fluid retention is known as one of the rarest bloating causes

So, make sure to visit a Best Liver Specialist in Delhi before jumping into conclusions. 

  • SIBO (Small Intestinal Bacterial Growth)

Your intestines and stomach usually serve as a home to a wide variety of healthy bacteria. Some of these help in your digestion, while others take care of different food-absorption related works. 

Nonetheless, occasionally, due to eating unhealthy foods, the balance of these bacteria can get disturbed. It, in turn, can increase the number of harmful microbes in your small intestine and cause SIBO. 

SIBO, in essence, can cause severe upper abdominal bloating, diarrhea, and indigestion. It might also make it difficult for your body to ingest some specific nutrients. It, in turn, can cause some unusual symptoms, such as weight loss and osteoporosis. 

  • Chronic Intestine-related Disorders 

There are several chronic intestine-related diseases, which can cause severe bloating and a persistent feeling of nausea. Among these, IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome) is one of the most common issues, which is prevalent among women. 

Along with bloating, it might also cause a frequent urge bowel clearance, diarrhea, and mild to severe lower abdominal pain. Besides, the more alarming issue, Crohn’s can affect your large intestine pretty harshly and cause intense abdominal pain and bleeding. 

  • Gastroparesis

Gastroparesis is a type of health disorder, which usually affects the natural stomach emptying. If you are suffering from this particular issue, then the muscles of your stomach will stop working properly. It, in turn, can lead to the below-mentioned symptoms. 

  • Constipation
  • Vomiting 
  • Persistent nauseous feeling 
  • Discomfort and pain in the abdominal area 
  • A sudden loss of appetite 
  • Feeling full after eating a small amount of food 
  • Heartburn or acid reflux 

How to Treat Bloating?

The treatment of the issue generally depends on the underlying bloating causes. In some cases, you can cure yourself on your own, while, on the other, you may have to opt for a Gastro doctor in Delhi

Medical Procedures 

Here, in this section, you are going to know about the medical procedures, which can help you to treat your bloating issues. 

  1. Medication 

If there is a disease, which is causing the bloating symptoms, then your doctor will ask you to take some medicines. In case of an infection, he or she may also suggest you opt for antibiotics. 

At times, antidepressants will also be prescribed if the physician deems anxiety disorders to be the cause of bloating. 

  1. Abdominal Massages 

Abdominal massages can also suppress the symptoms of abdominal distension and provide relief from it. However, it does not work on all types of bloating causes

Lifestyle Changes

Anyways, besides the medications and massages, you can also treat your bloating issues through lifestyle changes. Here are a few of them. 

  • Taking a walk after half an hour of eating can prove to be helpful for digestion. 
  • Try not to eat a substantial amount of food within only a few seconds. 
  • Avoid swallowing air while drinking water. 
  • Stop consuming food items that are high in salt and unsaturated fats.
  • Stay away from a few high-fibre foods, such as lentils, beans, etc. 
  • Steer clear from sugar alcohol, which can be found in chewing gums and, ironically, sugar-free edibles. 
  • Consume digestive enzyme supplements, such as beano and lactase, regularly.
  • Make sure to drink an ample amount of water to prevent dehydration and constipation. 
  • Be sure to take probiotics for helping your gut bacteria to digest your food properly. 
  • Use peppermint oil regularly. 
  • Try to avert the common bloating causes through regular exercise. 


In essence, bloating is not a thing of concern. It usually affects people daily and goes away without any treatment. However, if you do encounter these issues frequently, then make sure to be serious about it and consult with a doctor. 


What relieves bloating fast? 

Several things can help you to ease your bloating issues quickly. For example, you can go for a walk or consume a peppermint capsule for this purpose. At times, gas relief capsules or using an essential oil can also help you out in this aspect. 

How do I debloat my stomach? 

One of the best ways to debloat your stomach is to eat potassium-rich food items. For quick and momentary relief, you can also drink a substantial amount of water. Sometimes, drinking ginger tea can also prove to be helpful for your purpose. 

When should you worry about bloating?

Bloating is usually a common issue. Moreover, the bloating symptoms go away on their own. Nevertheless, if you do encounter the following signs along with it, then you may have to visit your doctor. 

  • Severe abdominal pain and discomfort 
  • Noticeable changes in bowel habits 
  • Extreme fatigue, even when you are not working 
  • Changes in appetite

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